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ARTICLE
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 114-119

Malaria treatment services in Nigeria: A review


1 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu-campus; Health Policy Research Group, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu-campus, Nigeria
2 Health Policy Research Group, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu-campus, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu-campus, Nigeria
4 Health Policy Research Group, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu-campus; Department of Health Administration and Management, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu-campus, Nigeria
5 Department of Nursing Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Benjamin SC Uzochukwu
Department of Community Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu-campus
Nigeria
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Malaria remains a major Public Health problem in Nigeria and causes death and illness in children and adults, especially pregnant women. Malaria case management remains a vital component of the malaria control strategies. This entails early diagnosis and prompt treatment with effective antimalarial medicines. The objectives of this review is to enable health professionals to understand the magnitude of malaria treatment services in Nigeria, to improve knowledge for rational malaria management within different health system contexts with a view to improving access to malaria treatment. The review therefore looks at the following areas: clinical disease and epidemiology; the burden of malaria in Nigeria; objectives of treatment; antimalarial treatment policy; malaria diagnosis, treatment strategies/ National responses; treatment sources. The review concludes that for improved malaria treatment services in Nigeria, there is an urgent need to develop adequate strategies that will ensure better access to medicines by getting evidence-based and effective medicines to the people who need them, whether by reducing their costs, promoting equity in access, improving their distribution, increasing their efficacy and acceptability, or slowing down the development of antimicrobial resistance.


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