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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 53  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 240-244

Photometric facial analysis of the Igbo Nigerian adult male

1 Department of Anatomy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria
2 Department of Physiology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi Campus, Nigeria
3 Department of Anatomy, Anambra State University, Uli, Anambra State, Nigeria

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Ukoha Ukoha Ukoha
Department of Anatomy, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.107603

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Background: A carefully performed facial analysis can serve as a strong foundation for successful facial reconstructive and plastic surgeries, rhinoplasty or orthodontics. Aim: The purpose of this study is to determine the facial features and qualities of the Igbo Nigerian adult male using photometry. Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty subjects aged between 18 and 28 years were studied at the Anambra State University, Uli, Nigeria. The frontal and right lateral view photographs of their faces were taken and traced out on tracing papers. On these, two vertical distances, nasion to subnasal and subnasale to menton, and four angles, nasofrontal (NF), nasofacial, nasomental (NM) and mentocervical, were measured. Results: The result showed that the Igbo Nigerian adult male had a middle face that was shorter than the lower one (41.76% vs.58.24%), a moderate glabella (NF=133.97°), a projected nose (NM=38.68°) and a less prominent chin (NM=125.87°). Conclusion: This study is very important in medical practice as it can be used to compare the pre- and post-operative results of plastic surgery and other related surgeries of the face.

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