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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 56  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 126-131

Clinicopathological features of gastric carcinoma in Ibadan, Nigeria, 2000-2011


1 Department of Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Sagamu, Nigeria
2 Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Henry Okuchukwu Ebili
Department of Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Sagamu
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.150700

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Aim: The most recent study on the clinicopathological features of gastric carcinoma from the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan, was done in 2000. The aim of this study is to update the knowledge on the clinicopathological features of gastric carcinoma diagnosed in the Pathology Department of the UCH Ibadan between 2000 and 2011. Materials and Methods: This was a 12-year retrospective review of clinical and demographic data and the histopathological features of gastric cancers diagnosed at the Pathology Department of the UCH. The chi square test, Fisher's exact test, and the t-independent test were used as applicable in the statistical analyses. Results: A total of 117 cases of gastric carcinoma were histologically diagnosed at the Pathology Department of UCH, Ibadan in this period giving a relative ratio frequency of 1.38% for all cancers. It represented 18.4% of all gastrointestinal tract malignancies diagnosed in the same period. There was a male preponderance with male:female ratio of 1.72:1; the middle-aged and elderly made up about 76.1% of cases. The disease was clinically and histologically advanced in 92.8% of cases. Gastric tumours were predominantly antral/ pyloric in 80% of cases and exophytic in 62.3% of cases. The intestinal histotype constituted 47.0% cases although a rise in the diffuse histological type was observed. Conclusion: There is a decline in the relative ratio frequency of gastric carcinoma in Ibadan; and a fall in the rate of the intestinal type of gastric carcinoma relative to the diffuse type when compared to previous studies from our centre.


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