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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-89

The perception of people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome toward human immunodeficiency virus infection: A single-center experience


1 Department of Haematology and Immunology, College of Medicine, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Áwka Campus, Anambra, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Medicine, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Anambra, Nigeria
3 Department of ENT, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Anambra, Nigeria
4 Department of Haematology and Immunology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla Campus, Enugu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Helen Chioma Okoye
Department of Haematology and Immunology, College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Ituku-Ozalla Campus, Enugu
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/nmj.NMJ_90_19

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Background: The prevention and control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection depend on the prevention of new infections as well as treating currently infected individuals. Adequate knowledge of HIV infection among person living with HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (PLWHA) may be an important tool in reducing spread of the virus. Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate knowledge and attitude of PLWHA on HIV infection. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study conducted at the Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu Teaching Hospital. Knowledge of infection, spread, control, and effect was sought from HIV-positive respondents using a structured questionnaire. Information about their attitude and beliefs was also obtained. Collected data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Windows, Version 21.0. Results: A total of 70 HIV-positive patients, including 23 (32.9%) males and 47 (67.1%) females with a mean age of 37.7 years were participated. The overall knowledge on HIV transmission, clinical effects, complications, and controls was good in 15.7%, average in 72.9%, and poor in 11.4%. Knowledge of means of transmission was appropriate in majority of them. Majority of 66 (94.3%) patients showed a positive attitude to life. Conclusion: Most of the HIV-positive patients had average knowledge on HIV, and majority had a positive attitude to life.


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