Nigerian Medical Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 180--183

Laboratory turnaround time of surgical biopsies at a histopathology service in Nigeria


Innocent Emmanuel1, Samuel Abaniwo3, Patrick Nzekwe3, Samuel Kelechi Richard3, Olufunmilayo Abobarin2, Abdulazis Longwap3, Alhamdu Joseph4 
1 Department of Histopathology, University of Jos; Department of Histopathology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
2 Department of Anatomical Pathology, Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
3 Department of Chemical Pathology, Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
4 Department of Academy and Cadets Matters, Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Innocent Emmanuel
Department of Histopathology, University of Jos, P.M.B. 2084, Jos; Department of Histopathology, Jos University Teaching Hospital, P.M.B. 2076, Jos
Nigeria

Introduction: Laboratory turnaround time is defined as the time between the receipt of a sample in the laboratory and when the report is ready for collection/dispatch. It is a critical component of the quality assurance of a laboratory and has been identified as a key performance indicator of laboratory performance. This study is aimed at evaluating the turnround time in the histopathology unit of our center and comparing the findings with that of similar studies. Methodology: This was a prospective descriptive study of the first 500 consecutive samples of surgical biopsies submitted for analyses at the Histopathology Department of the Jos University Teaching Hospital. The samples were tracked from the reception desk, where they are submitted to the dispatch point where the results are collected by clients. The grossing time (T1), processing time (T2), reporting time (T3), and the transcription time (T4) were recorded for each sample. The data obtained were analyzed using SPSS software and presented as simple frequencies and percentages. Results: The mean laboratory turnaround time was 7.5 + 9.7 days with a range of 3–18 days. As much as 20.8% of reports were ready for dispatch by day 3 and 100% by day 18. Overall, the grossing time (T1), processing time (T2), reporting time (T3), and transcription (T4) time consumed 17.5%, 35.5%, 27.7%, and 19.3% of the total time spent, respectively. Conclusion: We recommend the development of practicable targets for the histopathology laboratories as regards timeliness. This should be regularly evaluated to ensure compliance and improvement of service quality in this regard.


How to cite this article:
Emmanuel I, Abaniwo S, Nzekwe P, Richard SK, Abobarin O, Longwap A, Joseph A. Laboratory turnaround time of surgical biopsies at a histopathology service in Nigeria.Niger Med J 2020;61:180-183


How to cite this URL:
Emmanuel I, Abaniwo S, Nzekwe P, Richard SK, Abobarin O, Longwap A, Joseph A. Laboratory turnaround time of surgical biopsies at a histopathology service in Nigeria. Niger Med J [serial online] 2020 [cited 2020 Sep 22 ];61:180-183
Available from: http://www.nigeriamedj.com/article.asp?issn=0300-1652;year=2020;volume=61;issue=4;spage=180;epage=183;aulast=Emmanuel;type=0