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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 57  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 77-80

The role of fine needle aspiration cytology and core biopsy in the diagnosis of palpable breast masses

1 Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
2 Department of General Surgery, Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
3 Department of General Surgery, Adana Numune Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Akin Firat Kocaay
Department of General Surgery, School of Medicine, Ankara University, Ibn-i Sina Hospital, 06100, Ankara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.182078

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Background: The modern approach to palpable breast masses is to get cytopathologic diagnosis before definitive surgery. We aimed to compare fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) with core biopsy in histopathologic diagnosis of palpable breast masses. Materials and Methods: Data were collected on 123 women who have suspicious palpable breast masses from 2007 to 2010. Results: Of the 123 patients, core biopsies were performed on 64 patients (Group 1) and FNAC on 59 patients (Group 2). Malignancy was confirmed in 25 out of 32 clinically suspicious patients in Group 1 (78.1%), and 20 out of 21 participants in Group 2 (95.2%). Among the clinically suspicious patients, 81.8% of 33 patients in Group 1, and 90.3% of 31 patients in Group 2 were identified malignancy. Sensitivity was 100% for core biopsy and 95% for FNAC. Specificity was 100% in both procedures. False negativity rate in FNAC were 5%. Conclusion: Sensitivity and specificity showed that in the case of true histopathologic classification, core biopsy is superior to FNAC. Nevertheless, FNAC's role as a fast, simple and cheap diagnosis cannot be ignored. It is an effective diagnostic tool in most patients, in comparison to the correct and specific typing of core biopsies in benign lesions which protect patients from the open biopsy.

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