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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 58  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-31

Determinants of contraceptive use by women in the central senatorial zone of Bayelsa State, Nigeria: A cross-sectional survey

1 Department of Public Health, Directorate of Clinical Services, Hospitals Management Board, Yenagoa, Bayelsa State, United Kingdom
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Niger Delta University, Amassama, Bayelsa State, Nigeria, United Kingdom
3 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Israel Jeremiah
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Amassama, Bayelsa State
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0300-1652.218409

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Background: Contraceptives are known to contribute to maternal health and well-being as well as improve child survival. Due to the multiethnic nature of Nigeria, it is known that the factors that influence contraceptive use may vary from one location to another and as such a blanket policy by the federal government on improving contraceptive use may not take into account the subtle differences in sociocultural practices that may influence contraceptive use. The aim of the study was to determine the contraceptive prevalence and explore factors that determine the use of contraceptives among women of Bayelsa Central Senatorial Zone. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 210 women aged between 18 and 49 years who completed a close-ended questionnaire was carried out. Descriptive analysis was done for sociodemographic data, and tests of significance were done using SPSS version 20. Results: The prevalence of modern contraceptives in the Central Senatorial Zone of Bayelsa State was 36.8%. Condoms were the most common type of contraceptives used. Education, religious beliefs, and knowledge of fertile days were factors that significantly predicted contraceptive use. Age and number of children influenced the type of contraception a woman used. Conclusion: The contraceptive prevalence in this study is high. The factors that determine contraceptive use such as education and religion have been identified and can be leveraged upon to increase its use.

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