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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-47

Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: Pattern and obstetric outcome in Bida, Nigeria

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria
3 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Haruna Idris
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/nmj.NMJ_29_18

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Context: Cases of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (HDP) are an increase in developing economies. Identifying the pattern of HDP in a particular community and documenting their management outcome may allow for proper planning by all stakeholders. Aims: The objective was to determine the pattern and management outcome of hypertensive disorders among pregnant women. Settings and Design: This was a prospective cohort study involving 183 consecutive cases of HDP at Federal Medical Centre, Bida, Niger State, Nigeria, between September 2015 and August 2016. Subjects and Methods: Pregnant women with hypertension were recruited and managed according to the departmental protocol. They were followed up till 6 weeks after delivery; fetal and maternal outcomes were documented. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using the SPSS software version 23. The level of statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. Results: A total of 1956 deliveries occurred during the study with 183 cases of HDP, giving an incidence of 9.4%. Pregnancy-induced hypertension alongside preeclampsia constitutes the majority of HDP during the study and had accounted for over 64%. Women who did not receive antenatal care in our center were at significantly greater risk of eclampsia (P = 0.000), abruption placentae (P = 0.003), maternal death (P = 0.002), very low-birth-weight (LBW) babies (P = 0.002), extremely LBW babies (P = 0.03), and perinatal death (P = 0.000). Conclusion: The need for prenatal screening that enables the early identification and prompt management of all expectant mothers with HDP is advised.

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